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    Quantz, Johann Joachim (30th January 1697-12th July 1773)

    He was a composer, flautist, flute maker and author born in Oberscheden, Germany, into a family where his father was a blacksmith.  Although his father wanted him to follow him in his career, he started to study music as an apprentice of his uncle’s son-in-law when he was just a child.

     

    Although originally playing a variety of stringed instruments, trumpet and oboe, in Dresden’s town band he moved on to Vienna to study counterpoint with Jan Dismas Zelenka.

     

    Splitting his time between Poland and Germany he was employed as an oboist for Augustus II, King of Poland but in 1719 he decided to concentrate his further studies on the flute and over the next few years continued in employment of the King in Poland.  Over time he toured England and France and his popularity grew until he earned himself the reputation of being one of Europe’s finest flautists.

     

    In 1728 he went back to Dresden to become a musician at the Dresden court chapel.  He also became a teacher and travelled back and forth to Berlin to his student Crown Prince Frederick.

     

    In 1739 He spread his wings further and began making flutes, which led to him gaining attention with his addition of extra keys and innovative designs. 

     

    In 1740, when his student became King Frederick II of Prussia, he was given the position of composer at his court.   He found himself still teaching, organising concerts and received bonus payments for each composition.

     

    His works as a composer started, many of them influenced by the music of the composer Antonio Vivaldi, were numerous.  They were mainly based on the flute and include more than 200 sonatas, 300 concertos, several orchestral works and many songs.

     

    Aside from his compositions he made his name known s the author of the 1752 Versuch einer Anweisung die Flote traversiere zu spielen (Method of Playing the Transverse Flute).  This reference work on the technique and performance practice of the flute has been translated into several languages and is still used as a valuable source today.

     

    In 1773 he passed away after a short illness in Potsdam, Germany.  He was 76 years old.

     

    Musica Antiqua Koln recordings

    Concerto for 2 Flutes and Orchestra in G Major

    Archiv 447 664 (CD: Concerti ‘pour l’orchestra di Dresda)

     

    Sources:

    1. http://www.quantz.info/e/html/curriculum_vitae.html
    2. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/johann-joachim-quantz-mn0001186339/biography
    3. http://www.flutehistory.com/Players/Johann_Joachim_Quantz/#Biography
    4. http://www.classicalconnect.com/composer/Johann-Joachim-Quantz
    5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Joachim_Quantz
    6. http://www.classical-mp3.co.uk/download_booklet.aspx?file=NA 7805.pdf  (PDF File)
    7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_compositions_by_Johann_Joachim_Quantz#Arias_and_songs

     

     

     

     

     

     



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