was composed by the Italian composer Luigi Nono
during the years 1988 and 1989 after meeting the violinist Gidon Kremer in 1987. This complex piece was written for
solo violin, 8 tapes and 8-10 music stands, with the title reflecting the
past, what is wished for and the future. It is dedicated to the composer
The violin solo
is written in six parts which are placed in the music stands that are
situated at various places on the stage. The tapes, which lasted an hour
instead of the stated 45 minutes, were prepared by Gidon
Kremer and Sofia Gubaiduline and the production
and direction with electronic realisation of the tapes by Luigi Nono and Hans Peter Haller was done at the Heinrich Strobel Foundation’s experimental studio.
collaborated where Gidon Kremer would perform
improvisations into a microphone and these would be recorded and processed
by Luigi Nono. They had set a date for the premiere
in Berlin in 1988 and, getting the sheet music just a couple of days beforehand,
Kremer was left to literally “decode” a piece of music with
notes and markings which were very hard to decipher.
wanted Kremer to perform the piece alone at one point, but the premiere
eventually went ahead with the accompaniment of the tapes, which were
operated by the sound engineer who decided which of the channels were used
dependent on the music of the violinist.
the premiere in Berlin went ahead and a further performance was given in Milan, the composer decided he wanted to
revise the piece and after a major re-working, re-writing and re-titling
the work was finished in early 1989.
The work has
been released on several recordings with the violin performed by Gidon Kremer, Irvine Arditti,
Clemens Merkel and Melise Mellinger.